- Mini Bio
- Name: Zhimo Xu
- Born: 15th January 1897, Haining, Zhejiang province, China
- Died: 19th November 1931, Tai'an City, Shandong province, China
- Cause of death: Plane crash
- Alma mater: Peking University and King's College, Cambridge
- Occupation: Poet and literary translator
- Famous for: His 1928 poem 'Saying Goodbye to Cambridge Again' that is now set in stone and a tourist attraction near the bridge over the River Cam in Kings College Cambridge
- Trivia: His poetry is now part of mainland China's school curriculum
"The search for religion is the starting point of thought"Xu Zhimo
"If the materialistic west is a civilisation without a heart, as we are accustomed to regard it nowadays, ours, on the other hand is one without a soul"Xu Zhimo
"Music is a paradise lost to us long long ago, perhaps never to be regained"Xu Zhimo
"And then there are those ninth grade followers of European methods, who are as puerile in technique as they are void in imagination"Xu Zhimo
"Drama as an art is quite unspeakable, although some old plays are admirable as a form of vulgar amusement"Xu Zhimo
"When we come to poetry, we can't fancy a more poverty stricken predicament"Xu Zhimo
"With all our virtues and qualities, we Chinese as a race have never realised and expressed ourselves completely, as the Greek and the Romans did, through the medium of art"Xu Zhimo
"Our sages are preoccupied ... with the not very easy task of equilibrating and harmonising the obvious impulses that men share with their fellow beings, such as food and sex"Xu Zhimo
"Love, is transcendental and transfiguring, and being transfigured through that mysterious force, one's mortal eyes"Xu Zhimo
"My personal experience has only discovered two classes of people in China; Cynics who despise love and cowards who are afraid of it"Xu Zhimo
"The lamp and compass of travellers. Cynosures twinkling, miles away"Xu Zhimo
"No more light in the sky ahead, children where are you flying to?"Xu Zhimo
"Softly I am leaving, Just as softly as I came"Xu Zhimo
"There the golden willow stands, a bride of sunset’s glow"Xu Zhimo
"Yet now I cannot sing out loud, peace is my farewell music"Xu Zhimo
"Quietly I am leaving, Just as quietly as I came"Xu Zhimo
"I am just a child, knowing no iota of grief"Xu Zhimo
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Xu Zhimo Biography
Xu Zhimo is arguably China's most famous romantic poet of the twentieth century. Idolised in Asia and revered in Europe, his silken verse still soothes the mind body and soul of subsequent generations of scholars and students alike.
Indeed, it was the city of Cambridge in England that first lit his poetic spark. His former university King's College Cambridge went as far as to honour him by setting one of his poems in a white marble stone that is now a tourist attraction.
After studying at Peking University he left at the age of 20 to continue his studies and broaden his world view in the U.S. at Clark University and Columbia University. His stay in the U.S. was brief, it was almost as if he was searching for something and he just instinctively knew he could not find it there, so he left to continue his studies across the pond at Kings College Cambridge in England.
It was here that Xu Zhimo fell in love and immersed himself in the rhyme and verse of the English romantic poets John Keats and Percy Bysshe Shelley and the writing of Thomas Hardy that influenced his thinking about Chinese poetry. Zhimo saw the gap between western arts and poetry to Chinese as a chasm and he wanted to bridge that gap to encourage his fellow countrymen into the art of poetry.
Xu Zhimo set about to translate many of his favourite works into Chinese and he also founded in 1923 The Crescent Moon Society which was a Chinese literary society that attracted like minded literary minds such as Chen Mengjia, Liang Shih-chiu and, Pan Guangdan, Rao Mengkan, Shen Congwen and Wen Yiduo. The name of the society was inspired by a book of the same name by the Indian poet Rabindranath Tagore for whom Xu Zhimo translated his works when he visited China.
Tragically Xu Zhimo's life was cut short in a 1931 airplane crash although his passion for poetry has survived with his poetic work now being part of the present day syllabus in Chinese schools. It is this which has turned the white marble stone in the gardens of Kings College Cambridge into a tourist attraction for thousands of visiting Chinese who stop to have their photos taken with the first 2 lines and last 2 lines of the Xu Zhimo famous poem 'Saying Good-bye to Cambridge Again'.
Xu Zhimo was not just a romantic poet but he was also a lover extraordinaire who charmed his way through 1920's social circles with some observers noting a fascinating resemblance to the antics of the English romantic poet and womaniser Percy Bysshe Shelley.
Amidst all the inspiring poetry there is a great story to be told about a Chinese influencer whose love for poetry has had a lasting effect on the most populous nation of the world, so as is customary with all my short bio's here is my compilation of 17 of the best Xu Zhimo quotes.
Quotes About Xu Zhimo
The author Patricia Ondek Laurence talked of his modus operandi:
"Xu Zhimo, a romantic personality and poet, desired to unleash into Chinese life and literature the passions of the body and the personality, the drama and expression of the individual that he had observed in British romantic poetry and England of the time"
The China Daily journalist Wang Mingjie was inspired to write:
"Xu wrote the famous poem Second Farewell to Cambridge in 1928, after his third visit to the university city. Filled with his longing for Cambridge as well as thoughts about his first love affair, the poem has been learned by millions of schoolchildren in China"
The horticulturist at Cambridge university Alan Macfarlane described the garden which is now a major tourist attraction:
"Here we have English trees around the garden and also Chinese plants native to Xu’s home region in Haining. So it is a fusion of East and West, just as Xu Zhimo was trying to bring the cultural treasures from China to England, and from England to China. I think in a world which is filled with conflicts and threats of war, this is a peaceful resolution of some of the conflicts of civilisations"