Nicholas II was the heir to a centuries old dynasty of Russian imperialism under The House Of Romanov that dated back to 1613. The Russian empire at its peak was the third largest empire in the history of the world covering 15% of the land mass of the earth. Only the British and Mongol empires controlled a larger area by land mass and both colonial powers knew the intricate complexities of administering such an imperium. His father Alexander III thought time was on his side and had not got around to preparing Nicholas for the role of emperor and gave little training or encouragement for him to learn the role of being a Tsar. Then after suffering an unforeseen illness that resulted in the early demise of Alexander III his son Nicholas II was thrust into power and given the autocratic reins of Tsardom. He inherited an empire that was in turmoil and he was ill prepared to handle such a situation and it was a situation that was compounded by so many government officials giving him differing advice that he never fully grasped the many affairs of state he was confronted with. His indecisiveness further fuelled his unpopularity with the people and he often erred on the side of brute force to many situations where diplomacy should have been his tool of choice to quell discontent. The level of disconnect between the Tsar and the people was a chasm he could not comprehend as he believed as Tsar he had a god given right to rule the people. A disastrous war against the Japanese ended in humiliation and slowly his domain of influence was reducing until his actions during WW1 finally sealed his fate with a people that had suffered so much at the hands of his mismanagement. The Russian Revolution of 1917 saw the end of the Romanov dynasty and although he initially abdicated he short sightedly believed he would not be killed. If there was one surviving member of the royal Romanov's they would be a threat to the revolution so the Bolsheviks determined they had no choice and his whole family were slaughtered in a dimly lit cellar in a house in Yekaterinburg in July 1918. It was one of the most shocking events of the 20th century. His reign maybe noted for all the wrong historical reasons but essentially he was a good and well meaning man that was hopelessly out of his depth. His questionable Tsarist wisdom aside he was actually good for a one liner so here is my compilation of 15 of the best Nicholas II quotes
- Mini Bio
- Name: Nicholas Aleksandrovitch Romanov
- Born: 18th May 1868, Alexander Palace, Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire
- Died: 17th July 1918, Ipatiev House, Yekaterinburg, Russian SFSR
- Resting place: On 17th July 1998 exactly 80 years after his execution his remains were interred at Peter and Paul Cathedral, Saint Petersburg, Russian Federation
- Occupation: Tsar and emperor of Russia
- Reign: 1st November 1894 - 15th March 1917
- Coronation: 26th May 1896
- Predecessor: Alexander III of Russia (his father)
- Mother: Dagmar of Denmark
- Marriage resume: Princess Alix of Hesse married in 1894
- House: Holstein-Gottorp-Romanov
- Nicknames: Nicky, Nicholas the Short, Bloody Nicholas, Nicholas the Hangman and Vile Nicholas
- Height: 5' 7" (1.7 m)
- Religion: Russian Orthodox
- Full title: His Highness the Tsar Nicholas Aleksandrovitch Romanov, Emperor and Autocrat of all the Russias
- Trivia: His education was through private tuition and although it delved into militaristic history it failed to convey the important matters of statecraft and thus rendered him an impotent Tsar whose ineffective leadership was to lead to the downfall of the house of Romanov and ultimately cost him and his family their lives
- Quotes about Nicholas II: Bolshevik War Commissar Filipp Goloshchyokin giving a dire warning that the Tsar would be killed if any attempt is made to free him and the royal family said: "All those under arrest will be held as hostages, and the slightest attempt at counter-revolutionary action in the town will result in the summary execution of the hostages"
- The chief executioner Yakov Yurovsky read this out to the startled Tsar moments before carrying out the order: "Nikolai Alexandrovich, in view of the fact that your relatives are continuing their attack on Soviet Russia, the Ural Executive Committee has decided to execute you"
- The Bolshevik leader Vladimir Lenin said of the executions: "Revolutions are meaningless without firing squads"
- Russian prime minister Sergei Witte was at his wits end when he was quoted as saying: "His character is the source of all our misfortunes. His outstanding weakness is a lack of willpower"
"I am not yet ready to be Tsar. I know nothing of the business of ruling"
"A day of rest for me - no reports, no reception. At 11 o'clock they went to liturgy, for the first time in our lovely Church. It was sad and hurt to stand in the same old place, knowing that one seat will remain forever empty"
"Our blockheads have decided to celebrate the day by parading in the streets with bands of music and red flags"
"A Tsar's heart is in God's hands." Let it be so. For all laws established by me I bear a great responsibility before God, and I am ready to answer for my decision at any time"
"I will preserve the principle of Autocracy as firmly and unflinchingly as my late father"
"I do not rule Russia: Ten thousand clerks do"
"All around me there is treachery, cowardice, and deceit"
"There is no justice among men"
"The Tsarist system was not doomed by 1914"
"Exhausting day! After a short walk I had reports. I was in terrible emotions before to enter the Nikolaev hall, to deputations from the nobility, zemstvo and urban societies, who I delivered speech to"
"I shall never, under any circumstances, agree to a representative form of government because I consider it harmful to the people whom God has entrusted to my care"
"No newspapers or telegrams have come from Petrograd for a long time. At such a grave time this is serious"
"How could these Bolshevik scoundrels stoop so low as to carry into effect their cherished dream of proposing peace without asking the opinion of the people, and at a time when the enemy is occupying large tracts of our country?"
"Disorders started several days ago in Petrograd; unfortunately, even the troops have begun to take part in them"
"No fact begins with if"
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