Jawaharlal Nehru Biography
Jawaharlal Nehru was one of the prominent leaders of the Indian independence movement who served as the first Indian prime minister after breaking from the shackles of colonial Britain in 1947. His tenure as prime minister lasted until his death in 1964 and he established a reputation as a true statesman of the sub-continent as he made good on his promises in the Indian National Congress Party's manifesto.
Most of the Indian constitution was written by Dr. BR Ambedkar however Nehru personally drafted Article 44 which was the foundation for the civil code declaring India as a secular state. Other notable achievements under his leadership were passed into law when he outlawed caste discrimination and uplifted the social freedoms and legal rights of women.
Nehru received a British education and although he kept a strong affinity for the British his mind was also possessed by far stronger feelings for the liberation of India from its colonial masters. He was inspired by the strength of character and civil disobedience strategy of his fellow freedom fighter Mahatma Gandhi and together they became the architects of India's eventual liberation and agreed the foundations for its constitution.
As WWII drew to a close it was evident that India would gain their freedom and Nehru was the recognised heir apparent to Gandhi whilst both played major roles in the negotiations for the independence of India. Gandhi decided against becoming the first prime minister and instead he gave his backing to Jawaharlal Nehru who was sworn in on 15th August 1947, neither wanted the partition of India but Nehru reluctantly accepted the British proposal for the breakaway state of Pakistan.
Internationally he maintained a policy of
"positive neutrality" and introduced to the world stage a new facet of non alignment to global powers and he voiced strong support for the United Nations while in keeping with his pacifist outlook. Four assassins tried and failed to take his life in the years 1947, 1955, 1956 and 1961 and there were no more known attempts on his life until his passing in 1964.
During the 1950's he received 11 nominations for a Nobel Peace Prize and although he never did win this coveted award many observers believe this was because the shadow of Gandhi still loomed large over India and his leadership. From the soap box to the podiums of the international stage he delivered eloquent speeches with real passion and meaning, he was good for a one liner also so here is my compilation of 20 of the best Jawaharlal Nehru quotes
Quotes About Jawaharlal Nehru
The U.S. Secretary of State Dean Acheson recognised the brilliance of Nehru and the strength of his will by saying:
"So important to all of us, that if he did not exist - as Voltaire said of God - he would have to be invented … One of the most difficult men with whom I have ever had to deal"
The British Statesman Winston Churchill recognised greatness when he saw it as he observed:
"This man has overcome two of the greatest failings in human nature - he knows neither fear nor hatred"
A fellow revolutionary Fidel Castro spoke admiringly of him in New York in 1960 when he said:
"I have been wanting to see you. If you had not come I would have come to you. You are a man of peace"
The Soviet ambassador to India Kirill Novikov said in a report to Joseph Stalin:
"Nehru’s repeated statements that he is a supporter of socialism, but in India the ways and methods for transitioning to socialism must be different than they were in the Soviet Union, support this claim"